Engineered for Strength and Effectiveness
A US Systems Cyclone uses vortex separation to remove particles from air. Air and material discharges into the cyclone at a high speed from a pneumatic conveying system. The material drags downward in a spiral along the walls by gravity as the air flows upward toward the cyclone outlet.
Specifically, mechanical dust collectors (“Cyclones”) use a cyclonic air flow to separate particulate from an air stream. The centrifugal force created by the rotary flow throws the dust out of the air stream and toward the walls of the collector. In a typical cyclone, the particulate strikes the wall of the collector and falls to a hopper below for collection. Cleaned air is then vented through the top of the collector. While this form of collection can be highly efficient in dealing with large, dense particulate, extremely fine dust lacks the inertia to escape the air stream and is subsequently carried out with the cleaned air.
Cyclone efficiency depends on the shape of the Cyclone, proportions and the mechanical forces these introduce on the airstream and airborne particles. A US Systems cyclone is designed for optimal efficiency.
While a mechanical dust collector may not be necessary in every application, the benefits that can be gained from this proven technology are evident. As emission standards become more stringent and process costs continue to rise, any advantage that can be taken should be considered. By comparing process costs such as materials, labor, and downtime with the expense of a cyclone, a decision can be made as to the need for such equipment.
Cyclones can be made from stainless steel, aluminum, or painted carbon steel. We can easily custom-engineer the perfect solution for your material and conveying needs.
Here are two cyclone separators ready for shipment to a carpet mill in Georgia, where they are used for plastic pellets. Notice the blow-through adapter bolted onto the small vessel below the cyclone for shipping purposes. At the plant a rotary airlock was installed between them and the customer is happy to have their material running smoothly for many years and many more to come.